How Concerned Persons help us stand up for (elder) justice

Sweetland, Volmert, and O’Neil. Finding the Frame: An Empirical Approach to Reframing Aging and Ageism. FrameWorks Institute. April 7, 2017 • Gugliucci, Marylin R. and Steven Price. Maine Voices: Reframing aging and embracing the power of older adults. Portland Press Herald. May 1, 2022.
Edwin Walker, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Aging, Administration for Community Living, US Department of Health and Human Services
  • I’m the grandson of a famous philanthropist…who was abused by her only child, my father;
  • I’m a Concerned Person who acted, to save my grandmother from abuse;
  • Due to the efforts of many, we were successful.
  • Most people don’t have a famous grandmother;
  • Most people don’t act…against abuse;
  • And, if they do, most people never share such success.
Brooke Astor. People Magazine. August 27, 2007
Brooke Astor. Photographer: Mark Peterson/CORBIS for The New York Times Magazine.
Brooke Astor (at age 96) receiving the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Clinton, 1998. Photographer: Harry Hamburg.
Cakes at Brooke Astor’s100th-birthday party hosted by David Rockefeller at Kykuit, Pocantico Hills, NY. March 2002.
“Disaster for Mrs. Astor,” Stunning Court Allegations. New York Daily News, July 26, 2006, Getty Images, New York Daily News archives. • Richardson, John. The Battle for Mrs. Astor. Vanity Fair. September 4, 2008.
James Hillman, The Soul’s Code
  1. non-abusing family, friends, and neighbors and
  2. experts who serve, support, and save
• Breckman, Risa, et al. (2018) When Helping Hurts. The Gerontologist • Mantrone and Breckman. Learnings from the Pilot Year of the Elder Abuse Helpline for Concerned Persons. NYCEAC, 2019 • Breckman, Risa and Philip C. Marshall. When Helping Hurts. Huffington Post, 2017
  • 73 million adult Americans have had personal knowledge of a victim of elder mistreatment.
  • For over 32 million adult Americans, just knowing about an elder abuse situation is generally highly stressful.
Allegory of Justice. Ceiling, galleria del Poccetti, Palazzo Pitti, Florence.
  • at times, Concerned Persons position themselves as human shields to protect older adults;
  • at times, Concerned Persons become collateral damage.
Hernandez-Tejada, Melba A. “Social Support is a Modifiable Construct” The Role of Social Support in the Lives of Elder Abuse-Victims. NAPSA. June 2012 • Aging Network (Eldercare Locator), U.S. AoA, ACL(administered by USAging)
Burnes, Breckman, Henderson Lachs, and Pillemer (2018) Informal Network Supporters Make a Difference in Facilitating Use of Formal Support Services for Elder Abuse Victims. • Bicchieri, Cristina. (2017) Norms in the Wild: How to diagnose, measure, and change social norms. Oxford.
Rhode Island Senate, Bill № 499 (2019) Peter Falk Criminal Isolation of Elders Act
Harbison, et al. (2011) Understanding “Elder Abuse and Neglect” JEAN.
Harbison, et al. (2011) Understanding “Elder Abuse and Neglect” JEAN.
Podnieks, Elizabeth. Opening Remarks. Seventh Global Summit, World Elder Abuse Awareness Day. NAPSA, INPEA, and partners June 14, 2021
Bicchieri, Cristina. (2017) Norms in the Wild: How to diagnose, measure, and change social norms.
Jackson and Hafemeister. Financial Abuse of Elderly People vs. Other Forms of Elder Abuse: Assessing Their Dynamics, Risk Factors, and Society’s Response. 2011
The Toronto Declaration on the Global Prevention of Elder Abuse (at CNPEA), WHO, 2002
Sam Harris, Free Will, Part 6: The Paradox of Responsibility. Waking Up • Baumeister, Vohs, and Oettingen. Pragmatic Prospection: How and Why People Think about the Future. 2016
Taleb, Nassim Nicholas. (2018) Skin in the Game: Hidden asymmetries in daily life. Taleb’s fifth book in Incerto
  • For everyone — Mandated reporting for suspected abuse, neglect, and/or financial exploitation
  • For financial industry professionals — The Elder Adult Financial Exploitation Prevention Act, 2021
(1) Promittere “…foretell; assure beforehand, promise.” Etymonline • (2) Burnes and Lachs. (2017) The Case for Individualized Goal Attainment Scaling Measurement in Elder Abuse Interventions..
Baumeister and Vohs. (2016) Introduction to the Special Issue: The Science of Prospection. [Review of General Psychology] • (3) Wish to live and (testamentary) wish to give
Philip Marshall in entrance of Brooke Astor’s apartment, 778 Park Avenue, New York, NY. April 2, 2006.
Aviv, Rachel. How the Elderly Loose their Rights. The New Yorker. October 9, 2017
  • National criminal background checks for persons appointed limited guardian or guardian, and…
  • A less restrictive alternative to guardianship through the Supported Decision Making Act.
A Naval Encounter between Dutch and Spanish Warships (detail) by Cornelis Verbeeck, c. 1618/1620. National Gallery of Art
Cohen and Felson. 1979. Routine Activity Theory
Cohen and Felson. 1979. Routine Activity Theory
Meadows, Donella. Leverage Points
Linda R. S. v. Richard D. (1973) U.S. Supreme Court — “a private citizen lacks a judicially cognizable interest”
Victims of Crime Act 1984 • Violence Against Women Act 1994 • Crime Victims’ Rights Act 2004 • “crime victims are not nameless/faceless non-players in criminal justice system” Payne v Tennessee 1991 US
Canning, Victoria and Steve Tombs. From Social Harm to Zemiology. 2021 • Davies, et al, eds. The Palgrave Handbook of Social Harm. 2021
* As interpreted by NYS Office of Victim Services, grantor, informed by VOCA formula assistance rules from the U.S. DOJ Office for Victims of Crime. Funding provided for the NYCEAC Helpline for Concerned Persons. Disclosure: Philip C. Marshall, member, Advisory Board, NYCEAC Helpline for Concerned Persons
  • are considered victims of crime, too
  • can be worldwide, while being served by state funding
  • receive expert services and support throughout their experience
Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) U.S. Department of Justice
Rebughini, Paola. Agency in Intersectionality. 2021 • Baumeister, Vohs, and Oettingen. Pragmatic Prospection: How and Why People Think about the Future. 2016
  • determined by determinism and
  • based on bias that is implicit and explicit.
  • let’s maintain our lifelong promise of trust
  • let’s realize our just and equitable future self.
Balcetis, Emily and G. Daniel Lassiter. Social Psychology of Visual Perception, 2010
Under the Radar. Lifespan of Greater Rochester, Inc., Weill Cornell Medical Center of Cornell University, New York City Department for the Aging, 2011 —“[There is] a dramatic gap between the rate of elder abuse events reported by older New Yorkers and the number of cases referred to and served in the formal elder abuse service system.”
* HelpVul , Unified reporting portal for financial exploitation • ** Administration for Community Living, U.S. HHS • *** NYCEAC National Elder Abuse MDT Training and Technical Assistance Center • U.S. DOJ , EJI, Multidisciplinary Team Technical Assistance Center
  • A no wrong door for older adults and Concerned Persons, with a model provided by the Administration for Community Living’s “‘no wrong door” attitude and approach for gaining long-term services.
  • A statewide unified reporting and response portal—such as Helpvul, which coordinates response to financial exploitation.
The Elder Adult Financial Exploitation Prevention Act, Rhode Island • Kurt LewinForce-field analysisHow to Launch a Behavior-Change Revolution, Freakonomics Radio, 2017
Pillemer, Karl, 1 David Burnes, Catherine Riffin, and Mark S. Lachs. Elder Abuse: Global Situation, Risk Factors, and Prevention Strategies. Gerontologist, 2016, Vol. 56, No. S2, S194–S205.

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Elder justice advocate. Founder of Beyond Brooke www.beyondbrooke.org

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philip c marshall

philip c marshall

Elder justice advocate. Founder of Beyond Brooke www.beyondbrooke.org